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What I’m Reading: The Anatomy of Fascism – 23 in a series – “Fascisms seek out in each national culture those themes that are best capable of mobilizing a mass movement…”

October 16th, 2019 No comments

 

“Fascisms seek out in each national culture those themes that are best capable of mobilizing a mass movement of regeneration, unification, and purity, directed against liberal individualism and constitutionalism and against Leftist class struggle.

These “mobilizing passions,” mostly taken for granted and not always overtly argued as intellectual propositions, form the emotional lava that set fascism’s foundations: • a sense of overwhelming crisis beyond the reach of any traditional solutions; • the primacy of the group, toward which one has duties superior to every right, whether individual or universal, and the subordination of the individual to it;

• the belief that one’s group is a victim, a sentiment that justifies any action, without legal or moral limits, against its enemies, both internal and external;60
• dread of the group’s decline under the corrosive effects of individualistic liberalism, class conflict, and alien influences;
• the need for closer integration of a purer community, by consent if possible, or by exclusionary violence if necessary;
• the need for authority by natural leaders (always male), culminating in a national chief who alone is capable of incarnating the group’s destiny;
• the superiority of the leader’s instincts over abstract and universal reason;
• the beauty of violence and the efficacy of will, when they are devoted to the group’s success;
• the right of the chosen people to dominate others without restraint from any kind of human or divine law, right being decided by the sole criterion of the group’s prowess within a Darwinian struggle.”

 

From The Anatomy of Fascism by Robert O. Paxton

Anatomy fascism

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What I’m Reading: Race, Riots, and Roller Coasters – 20 in a series – “…segregated pools inscribed racial lines legitimated by the federal government.”

October 16th, 2019 No comments

 

“In Ironton, Ohio, for example, WPA funds built a swimming pool at the local high school that blacks could use for only four hours on Thursdays.79 Like the segregated public housing built during the New Deal, segregated pools inscribed racial lines legitimated by the federal government. Black citizens responded to government-sanctioned segregation with a rising tide of anger and protest.”

 

From Race, Riots, and Roller Coasters: The Struggle over Segregated Recreation in America by Victoria W. Wolcott

Race, Riots, and Roller Coasters: The Struggle over Segregated Recreation in America by Victoria W. Wolcott

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What I’m Reading: The Mueller Report – 77 in a series – “The criminal complaint detailed Podobnyy’s interactions with and conversations about Page”

October 15th, 2019 No comments

 

“In 2015, Podobnyy and two other Russian intelligence officers were charged with conspiracy to act as an unregistered agent of a foreign government.532 The criminal complaint detailed Podobnyy’s interactions with and conversations about Page, who was identified only as “Male-1”

 

Excerpt From The Mueller Report: Report On The Investigation Into Russian Interference In The 2016 Presidential Election
Robert S. Mueller

“By the end of the 2016 U.S. election, the IRA had the ability to reach millions of U.S. persons through their social media accounts. Multiple IRA-controlled Facebook groups and Instagram accounts had “hundreds of thousands of U.S. participants.”

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What I’m Reading: Life and Times of Frederick Douglass – 68 in a series – “If ever I had any patriotism,…it was whipped out of me long since by the lash of the American soul-drivers.””

October 15th, 2019 No comments

”I shall be influenced by no prejudices in favor of America. I think my circumstances all forbid that. I have no end to serve, no creed to uphold, no government to defend; and as to nation, I belong to none. I have no protection at home, or resting-place abroad. The land of my birth welcomes me to her shores only as a slave, and spurns with contempt the idea of treating me differently; so that I am an outcast from the society of my childhood, and an outlaw in the land of my birth. ‘I am a stranger with thee and a sojourner, as all my fathers were.’ That men should be patriotic, is to me perfectly natural; and as a philosophical fact, I am able to give it an intellectual recognition. But no further can I go. If ever I had any patriotism, or any capacity for the feeling, it was whipped out of me long since by the lash of the American soul-drivers.”

From Life and Times of Frederick Douglass: (An African American Heritage Book)

Why I'm Reading: He was whipped oftener who was whipped easiest.

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What I’m Reading: The Second Coming of the KKK – 57 in a series – “Ministers who risked opposing the Klan could become vulnerable to retaliation.”

October 15th, 2019 No comments

“Ministers who risked opposing the Klan could become vulnerable to retaliation. Klan officials sometimes asked friendly police to “investigate” allegations, in one case that the Rev. X’s “sister married a reformed Jew . . . who was associated . . . in the work at this Negro school,” or that X was head of an “Inter-Racial Committee, which is branch of Negro association in New York.”34 Shades of McCarthyism.”

The Second Coming of the KKK: The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s and the American Political Tradition by Linda Gordon

What I'm Reading: The Second Coming of the KKK - 1 in a series

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What I’m Reading: All The President’s Men – 40 in a series – “…people have been trying to link the case with the White House…”

October 15th, 2019 No comments

”ZIEGLER: “Well, I think the opposition is clear. You know, since the Watergate case broke, people have been trying to link the case with the White House . . . and no link has been established . . . because no link exists. Since that time the opposition has been making charges which are not substantiated, stories have been written which are not substantiated, stories have been written that are based upon hearsay and on sources that will not reveal themselves, and all of this is being intermingled into an allegation that this administration, as the opposition points out, is corrupt. . . . That is what I am referring to and I am not going to comment on that type of story.””

All The President’s Men by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein

All the presidents men 9781416527572 lg

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What I’m Reading: The Anatomy of Fascism – 22 in a series – “The new Italian nationalism was less biological and more political…”

October 15th, 2019 No comments

“The new Italian nationalism was less biological and more political in its determination to “do over” the Risorgimento that had been corrupted by liberals and weakened by socialists.

Fascists need a demonized enemy against which to mobilize followers, but of course the enemy does not have to be Jewish. Each culture specifies the national enemy. Even though in Germany the foreign, the unclean, the contagious, and the subversive often mingled in a single diabolized image of the Jew, Gypsies and Slavs were also targeted.”

From The Anatomy of Fascism by Robert O. Paxton

Anatomy fascism

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What I’m Reading: Race, Riots, and Roller Coasters – 19 in a series – “Although Americans had less money, they had more leisure time…”

October 15th, 2019 No comments

“The role of the state in creating and sustaining segregated recreation was heightened during the 1930s. Urban historians have exposed the culpability of the state in segregating American housing during and after Roosevelt’s New Deal.76 Less well understood is the culpability of the state in segregating other urban spaces during the Depression.

One might suspect that the depths of the Great Depression would bring recreation to a standstill. The opposite proved to be true. Although Americans had less money, they had more leisure time and spent scarce resources on movies, amusement park visits, and excursions to bowling alleys and roller rinks. More than any other urban institution, the local swimming pool became a central part of American lives.”

From Race, Riots, and Roller Coasters: The Struggle over Segregated Recreation in America by Victoria W. Wolcott

Race, Riots, and Roller Coasters: The Struggle over Segregated Recreation in America by Victoria W. Wolcott

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What I’m Reading: The Mueller Report – 76 in a series – “Victor Podobnyy, another Russian intelligence officer working covertly in the United States under diplomatic cover…”

October 14th, 2019 No comments

“In 2008, Page met Alexander Bulatov, a Russian government official who worked at the Russian Consulate in New York.523 Page later learned that Bulatov was a Russian intelligence officer, [REDACTED: Grand Jury].524

In 2013, Victor Podobnyy, another Russian intelligence officer working covertly in the United States under diplomatic cover, formed a relationship with Page.525 Podobnyy met Page at an energy symposium in New York City and began exchanging emails with him.526 Podobnyy and Page also met in person on multiple occasions, during which Page offered his outlook on the future of the energy industry and provided documents to Podobnyy about the energy business.”

Excerpt From The Mueller Report: Report On The Investigation Into Russian Interference In The 2016 Presidential Election
Robert S. Mueller

“By the end of the 2016 U.S. election, the IRA had the ability to reach millions of U.S. persons through their social media accounts. Multiple IRA-controlled Facebook groups and Instagram accounts had “hundreds of thousands of U.S. participants.”

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What I’m Reading: Life and Times of Frederick Douglass – 67 in a series – “I am charged with attacking American institutions, as slavery is called…”

October 14th, 2019 No comments

”In reply, Mr. O’Connell said: “I am charged with attacking American institutions, as slavery is called; I am not ashamed of this attack. My sympathy is not confined to the narrow limits of my own green Ireland; my spirit walks abroad upon sea and land, and wherever there is oppression, I hate the oppressor, and wherever the tyrant ream his head, I will deal my bolts upon it, and wherever there is sorrow and suffering, there is my spirit to succor and relieve.”

From Life and Times of Frederick Douglass: (An African American Heritage Book)

Why I'm Reading: He was whipped oftener who was whipped easiest.

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